Behind the ScORe

A Conversation with Amit Peled

All of us at SOR are very excited to welcome Amit Peled as our featured soloist when we return to the UM concert stage to begin our 37th year of great string music. We cannot think of a happier way to celebrate the start of a new season! Amit graciously took the time to share his thoughts on a variety of interesting topics with Artistic Director Maria Larionoff—we hope you enjoy catching up with him before his concert in September.

ML: Do you come from a musical family?

AP: I come from a family of farmers—my grandfather raised turkeys. My parents lived on a kibbutz, so we grew up in the fields. My grandfather played the violin, and my mother played piano and sang, but they both realized early on that they had to support a family, so music became more of a hobby. There is a funny anecdote about my grandfather—when my grandparents got married, they had no money to buy any furniture for their home. My grandfather took the little money they had and spent it on an LP (record) player. Every Friday evening the whole village would come over and listen to classical music together—that was more important to him than having some furniture to sit on!

ML: Please tell us a little about your instrument.

AP: From 2012 to 2018, I was very fortunate to have been loaned the Pablo Casals Gofriller cello. It was a great journey to be able to perform on one of the most famous instruments in the world and playing on it helped me find my own musical voice. Recently I have been loaned a 1695 Grancino cello from the Roux Family Foundation; this is the instrument I will have with me at the concert in Missoula. It is a beautiful instrument, I call it “Shoko” which means “hot chocolate” in Hebrew. The sound of this cello reminds me of drinking hot chocolate on a winter day.

ML: You have a phenomenally successful cello studio. What do you enjoy most about teaching? What do you find to be the biggest challenge in teaching?

AP: I love the combination of teaching, performing, and having a family. I call this the “triangle” of my life—being on stage, being in the studio sharing knowledge and ideas, and having a family—my wife and three kids, whom I really cherish. The balance between the three creates the triangle of my life.

What I love most about teaching is to just put water on a seed and see how it grows. Every flower, every seed, even if it’s the same method, grows differently and it’s very beautiful to watch and to guide. I find teaching to be an exchange between professor and student. It’s not a dictatorship, it’s a dialogue. The personality of the students, the ability to observe knowledge and to become “yourself” is very important to me. Having said all that, I think that sharing the knowledge that I was fortunate to get from my teachers is very important. It is as if you were in medical school—you don’t really get the knife to cut into the body in your first year, but you read books and memorize knowledge—I feel that the Bachelor’s degree to a certain extent is this—you have to observe the methods and only after you master the vocabulary can you come up with your own musical language.

The biggest challenge for me as a teacher is to teach two things—it only comes down to two things! The first is to make sure my students are curious, and the second is to make sure they are flexible. After twenty years of teaching, I find those to be the most challenging things. If they become curious they can continue to learn by themselves, and if they are flexible, they can make music with other musicians, which is never the same as playing alone in a room by yourself. I do find that balance between being flexible and curious is hard for me to teach—when someone is just copying what I tell them and writes down exactly my fingerings and bowings and my ideas, that’s not teaching—it is coaching. Teaching is to make them understand why I do those things on a certain day—tomorrow it might all be different—and having them come up with their own ideas and solutions. My biggest joy in a lesson is to argue with a student when they have an opinion of their own and their opinion is based on knowledge. Occasionally, I even take a coin from my pocket and offer to buy what they just said, because it’s a better solution than what I had in mind!

ML: You have added conducting to your career in recent years, both as Music Director for the Mount Vernon Virtuosi, and CityMusic Cleveland. Tell us a bit about the experience of conducting—was it a natural outcome of your many years as a soloist working with so many conductors around the world? Does your work as a conductor come from a desire to teach and coach?

AP: Conducting is a very organic thing for me to do because I feel it’s a better way for me to approach a bigger number of students and people and dive into repertoire that I cannot do just as a cellist. I don’t really want to call myself a conductor, even though I studied it in college—doing it is a big joy. I learn so much from it—psychologically, in how to deal with a big group of people and make people play their best for me—this takes great communicative skill, to inspire musicians to rise to the occasion of performing these great works. When I started studying symphonic scores I took every opportunity to sit down with experienced conductors over a glass of wine and ask them to share their knowledge with me so that I could benefit from their wisdom.

ML: I had the privilege of working with many extraordinary conductors in my years in the LA Phil, and in my violin studio I have photos of Carlo Maria Giulini, Simon Rattle and Zubin Mehta on the walls. Who are your favorite conductors, living or not?

AP: Probably my biggest hero as a conductor is Carlos Kleiber. I love watching him—he’s like a painter of sound. Another one is Sergiu Celibidache, even though his tempi were quite slow when he was old—his control of the creation of sound is something that I’ve never seen before. I emphasize seen, not just heard, because you can actually see how he creates the sound with his body, his hands, and it’s an amazing feeling to see that!

ML: What are your favorite activities when you’re not playing the cello?

AP: I love working with clay or ceramics. The time I spend alone sitting in the studio working with clay is very valuable to me and I find it very inspirational. I also love watching sports with my kids, especially basketball.

ML: Do you have any insights to share from the past year in quarantine during the pandemic?

AP: I spent more time looking into myself, and spent more time with my family, which was very precious to me.  I called it a forced sabbatical, which was really great! I was not a big fan of online teaching before the pandemic, but in order to continue my teaching work, I did create an online month-long Cello Academy that was immensely popular. We had over 50 cellists from all over the world—from Hawaii, Korea, Australia, Saudi Arabia, who would join me on Saturday mornings. Normally, I would not be able to connect with so many cellists in this way, so I am very grateful to have had this opportunity, and I do plan to continue this Academy in April 2022.

ML: There is a famous story about the violinist Jascha Heifetz. After a concert one of his fans asked him “Mr. Heifetz, what is the most difficult concerto to play?” and he responded: “They’re ALL tough!!” What is the hardest thing to do on the cello, and what is the easiest thing?

AP: Everything is hard! Playing Haydn is hard, playing a one-octave scale is hard—just depending on how well you want to do it. If you strive for greatness every single day that you play the cello or do anything in life, it’s gonna be hard. However, it’s really rewarding to achieve it or to try to always get better. The day I feel I have achieved everything will be the day I put my cello back in the case forever, and I don’t want to be in that position! I always want to be striving for more, so in this way, music keeps me alive—new ideas, new collaborations—that’s the joy of it.

A Conversation with violin virtuoso Stephanie Chase 

SOR looks forward to welcoming Stephanie Chase as our April 2022 soloist. Acclaimed for her “rich, passionate tone, dead-true intonation throughout and virtuosity galore” (Gramophone), Stephanie made her Chicago Symphony debut at age eight, and went on to win the top prize in the prestigious Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow. She is a recipient of the esteemed Avery Fisher Career Grant and has appeared as soloist with over 170 orchestras around the world! SOR’s  Artistic Director Maria Larionoff caught up with Stephanie between her concert tours and had her share some thoughts on music and her other interests. 

ML: Who is the musician that you look to for inspiration? Favorite recording?

SC: Arthur Grumiaux, who was my teacher starting when I was 18. He was a beautiful musician whose recording of the Bach Sonatas and Partitas for violin solo are probably my favorite, followed closely by recordings that he made with the Grumiaux Trio.

ML: What are your five desert island pieces?

SC: I always find it hard to limit my favorite works to play, but they would include Bach’s Sonatas and Partitas and probably some Bartok string quartets, the Sibelius Violin Concerto, Beethoven’s Tenth Violin Sonata and Schubert’s cello quintet.

ML: Please describe your routine on a concert day. How do you stay focused, do you have any special things that you like to do?

SC: My usual routine would be to have a rehearsal with the orchestra or pianist (for a recital), a fairly long walk, some slow practicing, and a nap!

ML: How do you motivate yourself to practice?

SC: Fear of playing poorly in a concert! Every time I play a work I try to make it a better and more profound version than the previous one.

ML: What do you like to do to relax?

SC: One thing I do is to play spider solitaire on the computer–I’m currently at the expert level with four suits. At my 18th century house in northwest Connecticut, we have about eight acres that include gardens and forested areas, and I enjoy taking care of them and just exploring the property. This week I got out the pole saw and was pruning trees and taking down some smaller dead ones, to help prepare for spring, and discovered yet another blueberry shrub.  I’m also on a quest to identify the trees, plants, and wildlife that we have, including some rare apple varieties in our small orchard.  Among the wildlife here are black bears, coyotes, deer, fox, a bobcat, opossums, and even some moose and bald eagles nearby.  I know that this is a paltry list compared to Missoula, but we are just 100 miles or so from New York City, which has an extensive suburban perimeter.

ML: What is your favorite comfort food? 

SC: My husband is an excellent cook and I really enjoy just about anything he makes, but if I had to name a favorite cuisine it would be Straits Chinese like you find in Singapore. It features fresh seafood and has Indian and Malaysian influences. Beyond that, I’m a real fan of good fried chicken and mashed potatoes.

ML: What is the last book you read? Last movie you watched?

SC: I am currently reading Eugenia Zukerman’s Like Falling Through a Cloud. She is a true Renaissance woman, a prominent flutist, journalist, and arts correspondent for television and other media, and former artistic director of the Bravo! Vail festival along with many other achievements. In recent years she was diagnosed with cognitive decline and has written this inspiring book of verse that reveals her anxieties, but also what comforts her. I’m interviewing her for my next article for the online journal Stay Thirsty. As for movies, we rarely go. The last movie we attended in a theater was Ocean’s 8, mostly because it involves a heist during the Met Gala and my husband worked there for many years as the conservator of the musical instrument collection. We do watch movies at home, though, and I’m a Law and Order fanatic.

We hope you have enjoyed getting to know Stephanie a bit before our April concert, and we invite you to visit her website:

A Conversation with cellist Adam Collins

SOR Artistic Director Maria Larionoff took some time to visit with our February guest lecturer, Dr. Adam Collins, the popular UM Professor and the newest member of our SOR “family”. Adam’s MOLLI (Montana Osher Lifelong Learning Institute) series on Beethoven was completely sold out last year, and we are very fortunate to have him share his expertise with us on our SOR concert for a discussion on Beethoven’s life and music. Please enjoy reading about Adam and getting to know him as he shares his thoughts on music, food, and hobbies, and we hope to see you at our February concert!

ML: Do you come from a musical family? Was the cello your first instrument, and what made you choose it?

AC: I don’t come from a musical immediate family but my grandparents did have a piano in their home—a remnant of some of my mom’s siblings and my grandma’s piano lessons when they were growing up. I was thoroughly fascinated with the piano when I was very young and my grandparents gave my family the piano when I was six. I started lessons on piano immediately, but already knew I wanted to eventually play an orchestral string instrument. A childhood obsession with the movie Fantasia and an elementary school field trip to hear the NC Symphony had cemented that idea in my mind. Piano was simply the first available instrument for me to study. My dad and I attended the school orchestra interest meeting in the fourth grade and I was transfixed by the sound of the cello when the teacher demonstrated a few notes. My dad attempted to persuade me to take up the violin instead—the cello was larger than me at the time—but I could not be deterred. My piano teacher was also a string player so I started weekly cello lessons right away. I continued with both cello and piano until high school when I switched the cello full-time. I still play the piano enough to demonstrate topics in music theory classes but would never perform publicly.

All State 2003

ML: You regularly perform in many varieties of ensembles, from principal cello in large orchestras, a member of string quartets and other chamber ensembles, and most recently as our newest member of SOR. Can you share some of the challenges and joys that you find performing in these different groups?

AC: Every type of group has its own challenges and rewards. Large symphony orchestras have endless possibilities of sound color combinations and immense power of sound. Performing orchestral climaxes in music by Mahler or Straus is an unparalleled experience. After all, the visceral power a full orchestral sound was what originally drew me into music. While the communal process of creating music with 100+ musicians creates an instant sense of bond with all the other performers, it is a somewhat artificial bond. My main challenge with orchestral playing is that it’s hard to actually know the people on stage with me. As a result, the musical experience for me as an orchestral performer can seem somewhat impersonal or anonymous. Conversely, this is precisely why I enjoy playing smaller groups such as string quartets or the String Orchestra of the Rockies. The smaller the group, the larger a personal impact that I feel I have on a performance. Furthermore, it is much easier to establish personal bonds beyond the music with my other performers in these other contexts. What smaller ensembles might lose in sheer acoustic power, they make up for intimacy and personal involvement in the music-making.

ML: You are a passionate advocate of discovering and promoting new composers and contemporary music. What draws you to certain works, and how do you choose new repertoire?

AC: My passion for contemporary music is rooted in my obsession with finding new musical experiences. I’m constantly attempting to recreate the feeling of the first time I heard the Fantasia film score, a live orchestra, or the cello. I am drawn to pieces that have instant visceral appeal, be it in the form of direct emotional expressivity or a fascinating or unusual tone color. Pieces that really excite me sustain these qualities while demonstrating clear formal and compositional processes. Composers whose music I most admire are able to write music of immediate impact that holds up to analytical scrutiny and repeated listening. While an audience might hear a piece only once, I have to hear it endlessly in the practice room as a performer. Compositional complexity makes the repetitive preparation process much more rewarding. Beethoven’s music is a great example of this type of music: it is both immediately gripping and intricately constructed with small motives. I choose new repertoire by listening to the recommendations of friends and following rabbit holes on YouTube, Spotify, and other online resources. The internet makes it easy to find pieces and composers outside the celebrated canon. A small amount of due diligence opens a world of new experiences—for myself and my audiences—and is well worth the effort. Furthermore, classical music has long neglected the contributions of women and people of color. I do actively seek out music by underrepresented groups to work against this injustice.

ML: What do you enjoying doing in your free time? Favorite places to eat in Missoula? Hobbies you cultivate?

AC: A few of my hobbies include hiking, running, and cooking (baking bread especially). I started a sourdough starter when I moved to Missoula in 2018 and it’s still going strong! I am a novice to breadmaking but, fortunately, it’s a forgiving medium. Even mediocre homemade bread is still homemade bread. Cooking is a complementary hobby to cello for me because its results are necessarily shareable. Just like music, it’s not that rewarding to make food or bake bread without sharing it. I also try to spend as much time ou  tside as possible. I live fairly close to a trailhead for the Pattee Creek Canyon/Mount Sentinel trail system, and I often spend an entire afternoon on those trails, listening to podcasts or audiobooks. It’s great exercise and the perfect antidote to any amount of burnout I might experience mid-semester. Being outside in Missoula is itself a reminder of how much I love being here and doing all that I do. While I don’t eat out too often, my favorite restaurant in Missoula is Biga Pizza. Their dough is so flavorsome and all of the topping combinations that I’ve tried are delicious; everything on the menu is a good choice. Biga Pizza was also one of the first meals I had in Missoula (at the home of another SOR musician and my colleague at UM, Margaret Baldridge), so there’s a certain amount of nostalgia baked into every bite for me, as well.

Maria Lambros—a Montana Musician

String Orchestra of the Rockies is thrilled to welcome celebrated Missoula native Maria Lambros as our featured soloist at our November concert. She took a few moments to answer some questions with Artistic Director Maria Larionoff about her incredible journey as a successful chamber musician, soloist, and pedagogue, and also to share a few of her favorite things about Missoula. We hope you enjoy getting to know Maria before hearing her play in November!

ML: Was the viola your first musical instrument, and what was it that made you want to become a violist?

Lambros: I started on the violin because my Mom had the great insight to know that it was a good fit for a child who loved to use her hands cutting paper and making things. To me, it was a magical thing, and I loved it right away. Much later, when I was at Sentinel High School, the Trio D’Accordo: Jorja Fleezanis (SOR’s soloist last spring!), Yizhak Schotten and Karen Andrie, came to my school and played the Dohnanyi Serenade for String Trio. I was completely taken with the gorgeous viola solo in the Romanza and the violist’s deep, velvety sound. Immediately, I started listening to as many viola recordings as possible–I became a viola fanatic! Missoula’s KUFM had a listener request program on Thursday evenings and every week I would call in and ask for a different viola piece, often changing the tone of my voice so that the host, David Kappy, wouldn’t know it was the same person. Well, he figured it out (“SOMEBODY out there really loves the viola!”) and one night he devoted an entire show to music for the viola. I was so excited that I recorded it from my little cassette player and listened to it until the cassette actually broke. A year later, I switched to viola and started college on that instrument.

ML: Besides classical music, what types of music and artists do you listen to?

Lambros: My jazz musician friends Michael Formanek and Mark Feldman turned me on to jazz, mostly the classics like Miles Davis, John Coltrane, etc. I love old rock ‘n roll such as The Beatles and Led Zeppelin. On long car trips, we love listening to Willie Nelson and Elvis. Our favorite klezmer artist is clarinetist Giora Feidman- check him out–he’s amazing! And, I even enjoy some heavy metal (Opeth, Between the Buried and Me, Dream Theatre), due to the strong influence of my son, Daniel.

ML: Who were/are your mentors? What is the best advice they gave you, and what do you like to tell aspiring young musicians whom you mentor?

Lambros: My first wonderful mentors were from my growing up in Missoula. Eugene Andrie, my violin teacher, influenced me so deeply with his warmth, gentle manner and emphasis on listening to and playing with others–he would devote parts of many lessons to playing duets with me. Keith Henke, our beloved grade school conductor, taught us that music-making could be joyous and fun and he delighted us with his incredibly creative musical descriptions (“This needs to sound like elves dancing on a cedar chest!”). Our high school conductor, Harold Herbig, made music with amazing passion and humanity. He believed that we could do anything–he gave us confidence in our abilities by challenging us with the great symphonic literature. Later in life, my biggest influences were the members of the Cleveland Quartet, Robert Mann violinist, Paula Robison flutist, Kenneth Cooper harpsichordist, Sergiu Luca violinist, and Leon Fleischer pianist.

The best pieces of advice I can give young musicians are:

PRACTICE WELL. Practicing is about solving problems. Zero in on what is not happening the way you want it to and fix it, right away! No more practicing things over and over without really thinking about what you are doing.

Music is about character and telling stories. Engage your imagination and creativity at all times.

Play from the heart–it is key to connecting with others.

Play lots of chamber music! It is the best way to learn to listen.

Be grateful to be a musician–it is a great privilege.

At the end of the day, put people first.

ML: You have played in many professional string quartets throughout your career. Can you share what you love most about being a member of a quartet, and what you find the most challenging?

Lambros: I absolutely love the musical communication and intimacy between the foursome–it is endlessly fascinating, and the listening happens at such a heightened level. Four-string instruments have such a wealth of possibilities for matching intonation, bow strokes, vibrato, sound color, articulation–the challenges are endless! Working together with such intensity can be hard at times and people can really drive you crazy. The openness and flexibility required in a string quartet make a regular marriage seem pretty easy, for sure! Again, my motto is: PEOPLE FIRST. People are more important than what happens in the music. If you talk about difficulties openly and really try to UNDERSTAND another’s point of view, most of the time–but not always–you can work things out. Sometimes, it is not a healthy situation and the group should not continue, and that’s OK- there is another opportunity out there.

ML: You recently launched a program in Baltimore called Our Joyful Noise Baltimore. Can you tell us about it?

Lambros: Oh my… so much to say–this is what is really consuming my energy these days as I am so excited about this project! The vision of Our Joyful Noise Baltimore is a world where all people–regardless of the economic situation, disability challenge or circumstance–have easy access to the life-affirming splendor of live music. We bring a concert series of the highest professional quality to a veterans’ shelter, women’s prison, cancer treatment residence, and for families living with autism (our motto is: All Behaviors Welcome!) in the Baltimore community. We started our second season in September and the extraordinary effect the music is having on our audiences has exceeded our wildest expectations and has proved to us, over and over again, the incredible power of music and the importance of art to vulnerable populations. A veteran at the Baltimore Station recently told me, “Thank you, That was most excellent. It’s good to know that there are still things in life worth living for.” The impact on the musicians is significant as well; a Baltimore beatboxer and vocal percussionist who participated in our first set of concerts called it a “life-altering experience.” The last concert by folk musicians Dan and Claudia Zanes literally had the women in prison dancing in the aisles!

ML: My visits to Missoula never feel complete without a stop at my favorite places: Liquid Planet Grille for The Dude Abides sandwich; Caffe Dolce for gelato and a cappuccino, and Bernice’s Bakery to pick up doggie treats for our golden retriever. What are your favorite places when you come home to visit Missoula?

Lambros: Ah, I’m very low brow here because the nostalgia for my childhood kicks in with visits to Hoagieville, the Dairy Queen and Taco John’s. I love getting tea at Butterfly Herbs and pizza at Bigga Pizza. But I’d say I mostly hang out at Caffe Dolce, not just because my cousin owns it and I’m likely to run into a family member there, but because the food and ambiance are so fabulous!

ML: I understand you are a big Baltimore Orioles fan. Are there other sports/hobbies you would like to share?

Lambros: Yes, despite the Oriole’s miserable season, we still love them. We (because my family does this together) follow the Baltimore Ravens and the Washington Capitals and try to go to several games each year. I love making things such as cards, quilts and books and have a serious Qigong practice. I’m the family historian–I love putting together scrapbooks of life stories; right now, my Dad and I are going through HIS father’s scrapbooks and are putting together his history for future generations to enjoy. My favorite thing–above all–is visiting my family in Missoula, San Diego, Seattle and Chevy Chase, MD and my son Daniel in San Francisco. I really wish I lived closer because I love them all so much!

I’m so excited to come to Missoula in November and play with the wonderful String Orchestra of the Rockies, a group that my parents describe as a Missoula cultural treasure.

ML: We are looking forward to it as well! Thanks for taking the time to share your thoughts and wisdom with us!

A Candid Conversation with Catalin

Our September guest artist, international superstar Catalin Rotaru, sat down for a brief interview with SOR Artistic Director Maria Larionoff and shared some of his musical adventures and thoughts on life.

ML: Was double bass your first instrument, and how old were you when you began taking lessons?

CR: I was about twelve years old when I began taking lessons, and yes, the bass was my first musical instrument. I do believe in destiny—that I came into this lifetime to do this on the planet. The universe arranges everything in your life, so you just follow the course that is pre-set. That is my personal take!

ML: You play a lot of concerti written for other instruments—Haydn cello concerto, Mozart violin concerto #5, Tchaikovsky Rococo Variations, Paganini violin caprices (wow!!). How do you select the repertoire for your arrangements?

CR: This is connected to what we just discussed about pre-destination. You know, as I am driving, I will hear some tune on the radio, one of these beautiful classical concerti, or maybe I am at a music festival and I hear another colleague performing something, or I can simply be at school in the hallways and hear somebody practicing a certain piece. Usually, if one of those pieces really sticks in my head the first question that pops into my mind is—can I do that on the bass? This is 99.9% of how I chose these pieces. I simply grab the original part that the music was written for and try it on the bass. Most of the time it actually works! I think there were a couple of exceptions where it was unplayable on the bass, so I gave up.

ML: You tour and perform constantly all around the world. This summer I know your itinerary included Taiwan, Germany, Amsterdam, and Mexico, among other places. My husband, double bassist Barry Lieberman once said that traveling with a bass is like going on a vacation and taking your refrigerator with you! Can you tell us what it is like to constantly travel with your bass? Where are your favorite places to visit?

CR: Traveling with the bass is not an easy feat. Often airlines will give you a hard time—this happened especially at the beginning of my solo career. After I built up some frequent flyer miles with the airlines they stopped asking me questions—of course, after you fly so much with them, they kind of trust you! I always have my flight case with me (a bass trunk) and I always check it in. In a way, it’s better than cellists, who have to buy an extra ticket for their instrument. It’s a little cheaper for me but much more risky—twice so far in my life they broke the case and the bass! But again, it comes with the territory.

As far as my favorite places to travel, that is a really hard question for me to answer precisely, to pinpoint one location on this planet. I just simply love the planet and everywhere I go I try to see the beautiful sights of every single place. Of course, they are sometimes quite different from one another in political, social, economic and developmental respects. I try to look at the positive aspects because I think this is the way we all should approach life.

ML: I know you are an avid movie buff, especially sci-fi and fantasy. What else do you like to do in your free time?

CR: Yes, I do like sci-fi and fantasy movies! I would also say that when I am traveling, walking through airports or driving somewhere, I listen to classical music and also audiobooks. Since I was a kid I have been obsessed with two primary subjects: existence and extraterrestrial life. And not just a little bit interested, but really obsessed! I am trying constantly to find answers to these questions: Who are we? Why are we here? Where are we going? This is a passion of mine.

ML: Thanks for sharing your thoughts with us Catalin—we are looking forward to hearing you play with SOR in September!